Monthly Archives: November 2014

Here is my contact sheet for 27/11/14.On this date i had gone out into town with a couple of friends with the aim to find and capture some documentary styled images based around cafe culture.We did this by visiting all cafes we came across and either hooking the camera across our shoulder and shoot as we walked past, or occasionally i would face my fear and seek an image through the viewfinder and acted as the ‘invisible man’.The only reason i had enough courage to do that was due to a video by Chris Shaw.

With the first set of images, i was using a Nikon D7100 camera with a Tokina 77mm, 12-14 lens.I used this as it was as close to a wide angle lens as i could get, as i wished to capture more in my image as i walked by so i didn’t miss out on anything, but i was also hoping for a fish eye effect, which unfortunately i did not achieve.This was my first time using a wide angle lens.

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With this set of images, i had swapped lenses to a Nikon 18-105 for a closer look on the images.This is the lens i would normally use when going out gathering images, so i’m used to images like this.But it is still new to me getting documentary images and having to go out into the public and gather images of them doing their business.

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I found it hard to walk past people and take images, it made me incredibly paranoid that they may notice or hear the noise and wonder where it came from.I had done something similar in a previous project, except on the previous project i was even more up- close and personal like Bruce Gilden, where as on this one my images are more like those of documentary photographers like Chris Shaw.
But i am glad that i have done it and experienced what it is like to go out into the public with no idea what you are going to capture until you already have it.Out of all of those images, there were only a few that i liked, but i do admit that most of the images are repetitive due to me taking plenty of the same place when i walked past, and not all were well focused,but it takes practice i guess.
Below you will find what i consider my best images from that shoot. I have paired them with a black and white version as i wanted to shoot in b&w but i also wanted a coloured version just incase, to i had the idea to shoot in colour and use lightroom to change the following images into black and white, to compare and see which looks best.
Personally, i love B&W photography, so my final pieces will probably end up being in B&W, but at least i tried both versions.

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I admit, at a glance this image appears to be  of just chairs.The main focus is on the chairs and it’s not too obvious that i was attempting to record the entire cafe that has many empty chaos up close but the further away, the more people there is.It like a gradual increase in customers.
I find this image more of a fine art piece if i am honest, the documentary side of the image is hidden in the background.
Colour choice: Black and white.

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With this image, the focus is on the centre of the image, focusing mainly on the sign, the boy and the shop.Because it was taken at a lower than usual angle, it has exaggerated the actual size of the sign and made it roughly the same size as the boy walking past.I think this image would be a decent image for the advertisement of Sam-widges, perhaps if the male wasn’t in it also, as this would put immense focus on the actual shop and be a great, interesting image for the business.

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This image is just a simple image of a group of people sat on chairs outside of Greggs having a chat.This is typically what we find around when it concerns people having a tea or coffee with friends, they’re always having a good old natter.I’d definitely class this one as documentary as it’s the town life.People rushing around with shopping bags with some people sparing time during shopping for a break.

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I love this image! if you look closely, i have captured women entering a shop, but also couple getting up to leave that same shop whilst there is a man outside having a strangely large slice of pizza. I feel as if i have captured a sequence of actions in one image.Entering a shop, eating, and leaving. I like this image in black and white as it makes it more dramatic, but i also like it in colour as you can tell that this man is eating a pizza easier in colour, and i feel that if i took focus away from that the image just wouldn’t be as good.

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This image is of a woman paying for some snacks from a portable business.This van sells tea, coffee, various other drinks and many snacks.It would have gone a lot better with my theme if this woman was paying for a cup of tea or coffee.Any kind of hot beverage really, but i’d rather this than nothing. I prefer this image in black and white as the colours seem washed out and dull.The yellow is a very wished out colour and gives the image a completely different look.Where as the black and white gives more focus to the serving station in the truck due to the darkness, so all the focus is pulled into the centre.DSC_0769 DSC_0769

This image is the same as the previous, just from a different angle.Unfortunately, the customer had left by this point but the same view on the black and white image remains the same.In black and white the focus is pulled onto the serving area of the van due to the contrast and darkness emerging form the inside.This would document the various kinds of food trucks you can find around that offer beverages and snacks.This one obviously doesn’t sell the typical english fish and chips kind of thing, but this bring some culture onto the streets of Derby and offers the public easy access to new foods.

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I definitely think this image is more dramatic in black and white.I admit there is not much going on in this image, and nothing interesting at that.But it shows the not all shops are wheelchair/scooter accessible.You can tell that it is a rather small shop, but it has meant this poor customer has had to trust the public and leave his/her scooter outside whilst they do something as simple as buy a coffee.Obviously they had nobody with them to go in and grab them something.This image makes me rather sad the more i think about it.

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In this image,i am documenting the service and relationship between the staff and the customers.The lady which is serving the man is very joyful and happy, making the customer feel very welcome.This would make a good advertising image also due to the happy service and the Panorama sign in plain view.


This one shows the kinds of people that sit outside of food shops and smokes, not considering the people merely 1 meter away indoors.Since it is classed as outside, people think it is fine, but it is not ethically acceptable.I prefer this image in black an white as it gives it more of an older/vintage style. The cafe here isn’t a new, modernised place, which helps gives the old feel to the image.


This image shows the services are available outdoors amongst indoors, even in awful seater, Uncle Toms Cabin is prepared!This is a typical scene we see every day of some women and a baby having a good old fashioned chat! Perhaps over a cup of tea or coffee.
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I absolutely adore this image from a fine art respective as it has 3 levels of focus.The woman close to the camera is very blurred, the stone sign is kind of blurred, and the woman outside uncle toms cabin is well focused.
I took this image accidentally.I only wanted an image of the woman near the sign,But somebody had walked near my lens as i took the image, and i am glad they did.This image may not document much other than some people smoking outside uncle toms cabin, but it’s very pleasing to my eye, especially in black and white.

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With this image, i have noticed that the focus is on the pair of people behind the man, but they are more obvious anyway due to them being in light and the main subject being in darkness.But i enjoy this image.You can tell its a cold day but it’s warm at the same time due to us witnessing this man enjoy a nice hot cup of tea/coffee.The people behind look very awkward as they know images were being taken where as the male enjoying his drink was very joyful and open to having his photo taken.He was a lovely man, and i feel this is portrayed through image.We need more people like this in our world!
This image reminds me of the work of Bruce Gilden where he captures images of people by getting up close and personal.Obviously, i have alarmed some people with me getting images of their faces up close.

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Here we see two elderly men looking at a menu containing meal deals and discounts.We can see what they usually look for in a cafe as they are looking at deals instead of on the actual menu located to the left of these men.This is documenting the way people behave in cafes and/or with their money.They tend to save as much as they can but still enjoy themselves and go out.I prefer this in black and white as it takes focus away from the sign outside on the floor as its illuminate  orange and very distracting from the items on the window and the men.

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This shows a supposed single mother and child sat alone on a table in the corner of a cafe.They have secluded themselves from the rest of the world and stayed to themselves.This may be on purpose or coincidental but its obvious these people don’t enjoy large spaces or busy places as the cafe area next to them had people in it. I feel that this feels a lot more emotional in black and white and a lot more dramatic.

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Here is a cafe where you can be part of the experience simply by walking past.You are still part of the cafe if you are in the area.Here we see a disabled man at the cafe without needing a ramp to get up the step.We also see another elderly and disabled woman walking past.She perhaps does not intend to go to the cafe, but she fits in well. In black and white the light reflecting off the floor gives a really nice effect and also black and white helps the main subjects stand out more .This is what these people do in their day to day lives, we see this by how comfortable and confident they are.

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I think i like this image in colour as we can see the dull, boring scene outside the cafe on the right, but theres many bright lights, bold colours and lovely festive decorations exploding from the cafe and giving it a lovely warm, home like feel.This cafe looks lovely and welcoming due to it being well lit, and festive.This is a simple image of a cafe with a man eating nearby, a woman leaving, and a service area.

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Here is an image of a woman sat alone facing into the cafe.She could be waiting for a friend to come out of=r she could just be looking for something to stare at.It i sun usual because, if you sit at a table, you sit facing the table.Whereas she is not, she is facing into the cafe from the outside.I think i prefer the colour version of this image as where the woman is sat seems very dull and boring where as there’s a lovely warm light coming from the service area of the cafe, along with a fridge full of lovely colourful drinks.It somewhat gives the message that it’s exiting and welcoming in that shop.

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This has to be my number one favourite image.I do class it as documentary but it has such a deeper meaning to me.At first, this image makes me happy, i feel cheerful and i giggle at the fact that this man appears to be part of the meal deal.You get him, some pop and some crisps.But this makes me look even deeper, which then i see that this man is on a scooter.But why?Maybe he is lazy like some of the other people that ride them.But no.He is one of the few that need a scooter.If you direct your attention to his left leg, you will see something odd, this poor man has no foot.He has been amputated from the knee down.The plastic bag between his leg aids us in seeing the fact that he has no foot, which is what to would notice first about his leg.
I find this image should be in black and white,it makes the image more serious, as its not as playful as you may first think it is.This image makes my feel sympathetic.He could of lost his leg in any kind of way, but either way you know that this poor man has suffered, and still does.

Whilst i had been gathering these images i have learned that not everything we find out in the real world is happy.Not everything is beautiful.When i go out shooting i should capture the good and the ugly.
It has also taught me how to use a wide angle lens on a Nikon D7100 and it has helped me get used to shooting from the hip and shooting without being seen.
What i need to do next time to improve is to , instead of shooting from the hit, shoot like normal, so i can see what i’m getting.But if i do things such as use a smaller camera, or even smart phone, and go out alone then already i am less noticeable.


Diane Arbus:


At first glance, this is an image of a small boy.It is in black and white and the boy has a very old fashioned style in clothing, suggesting this image was taken possibly around 1950-1960s, not long after a war.He seems upset, and alone.We automatically assume there is something wrong with this child.The loose clothing suggests some kind of abuse.
But i doubt this is the case,the boy seems healthy.
If we check the environment which he is in, we can see it is a lovely sunny day in the park,whats to say this boy isn’t just playing and then posed for the camera?
We see he is holding some sort of toy in his hand, upon closer inspection we see this is a grenade. Of course not a real grenade, but it’s still a toy grenade.
The fact that this child seems to be fine with weaponry suggests that this child has been influenced by war,he finds that things such as grenades are okay.This poor young boy probably plays pretend soldier with that grenade, not knowing the real truth behind war.It has become such a normal thing for him, this poor boy thinks it’s a part of life.It’s not.


This is yet another black and white image, and due to this and the style of hair and clothing we can see this image was also taken at an earlier date.
This is an image of what we first assume to be a couple.Strangely, these people see rather young.But that seems impossible due to their choice in clothing,they are dressed way too maturely.The face does not match the body.This could be due to numerous reasons, they could either just have young looking faces or they could actually be children.
But why would they be acting as adults?Well it could just be as simple as playing dress up, playing the role of mum and dad.This suggests that they could also be brother and sister, instead of boyfriend and girlfriend.The way they have posed isn’t incredibly intimate, so they could have any kind of relationship.
But i think it could be a lot more than just playing dress up.
Yes they’re young and they’re in adult clothes.But maybe they HAVE TO wear that.
Has anybody ever thought that the reason these people are dressed as mature adults is because they’ve had to throw away their youth and jump straight in to adulthood?Maybe they don’t have a mum and dad to dress up as.They have to provide for themselves in the world now, they have responsibilities to maintain and they won’t be able to if they act like the children they really are.

Martin Parr:


This seems so normal it hurts.It’s obviously british due to the english in the background.
In my area, this is all i see on a day to day basis.Teenage girls, acting like adults but still failing to conceal the child in them,except they do this by being incredibly immature,which you can’t always catch on camera, so Ribena juice boxes will have to do.
These ladies are obviously teenagers, around the age of 17 perhaps.
There is an obvious clash of objects here.We associate cigarettes with adults,and stereotypically people who have had it rough.Whereas we associate juice cartons with children,a toddler-sized portion of fruit juice.
This image seems to represent the stage between the two.Teenagers evolving from the children they were into the adults they wish to become.


Personally, i find the contents of this image disgusting. Not because of the photographer, but because of the woman Martin has photographed.
I would never let my child run around naked in front of a beach full of strangers, no matter what his/her age is.This image tells me that there’s people out there that think it’s completely fine to let your child parade her naked body to everyone within eyesight.And there must be at east 100 people within a visible radius as the beach seems incredibly full.I’m guessing this is a holiday beach due to the mix of kinds of people in view and the bright  exotic sun.
This does show that there are people that believe its okay to do and show whatever you want when you’re on holiday, because it’s not like anyone knows you! However they may not know you, but you also do not know them.They could be anybody doing anything.You’re not doing a very good job at protecting your child from possible paedophiles when you do this.


This is another one of Martin Parrs images on a beach, whereas on this one we can see a couple of people I’m the background along with the subject being a woman feeding her baby.
When we examine the adults, we can tell it must be a very hot day for them to wear such little and be so tanned!
This fact gets me worried, as this baby is obviously incredibly youngarnhel-07 PAM1996008Z00009/14

Born November 3rd, 1903,
Passed April 10th, 1975.

He took up photography in 1928.
His influences were Eugene Atget and August Sander.

Walker Evans was, and still is best known for his work with the Farm Security Administration where he was documenting the effects of the great depression.
(Farm Security Administration(FSA) was originally Resettlement Administration(RA) in 1935 as part of the New Deal in the United States.He worked with FSA up unit 1938. It was an effort during the Great Depression to combat American rural poverty.It’s famous for its photography program during 1935-1944 which documented the challenges of the rural poverty.)

In the summer of 1936,whilst he was working with FSA, Walker and James Agee(Writer) were sent on an assignment by Fortune magazine so create an article during the Great Depression in Hale County, Alabama.

During his time with FSA, his main camera which he used was a large format, 8×10 inch camera.He often also used this with a triple converter lens.

His goal was to create images that are ‘Literate,authorative, and transcendent.’

These images below were taken during the great depression







At the time, these images would have seen fairly normal, the locals would have looked at these images and said “Oh, i see this exact thing on a daily basis, this is nothing special”. But now, we look at  it and we see a pure, vintage, beautiful old photograph that doesn’t decieve us with crazy angles and strange objects, it has enlightened us on the reality of how the shops appeared back in the day.And i find it beautiful.

I included this specific photographer due to his interesting idea of capturing a shot of a shop front from directly in front of it. This is a great idea to do with cafes and i wouldn’t mind testing out this idea with a variety of cafe businesses.

What is lens based image making?

Lens based image making doesn’t always mean a camera, there’s many many ways in which you can make an image.
Such as:
Film Cameras
Digital Camera
Phone camera
Basically anything where you are able to take an image using a lens.

This is why , during this assignment, i have experimented with various lenses such as a film camera lens on a digital camera(50mm) and i have also used my phone to take images inside a cafe

What do i really know?

Here are a list of Q & As i have asked myself, researched/thought about, and then responded to.This is so that i know more about my subject before i head out and photograph it.This could open up many new ideas and viewpoints for my benefit.


What is my theme?

My main theme is of course, ‘Cafe Culture’, whereas my sub-theme is still somewhat undecided.
I want my images to be spontaneous yet informative,so i was thinking of my theme to be ‘How people live’ and capture what kinds of people go to cafes,what they drink/eat in cafes and what they do/who they do it with in cafes.

What do i already know about cafes?

At this moment in time, i admit i don’t actually know much about cafes.
Off the top of my head, all i could tell you is:
-They sell tea(Some places offer herbal tea), coffee and usually cakes and biscuits.
-They often have tables and chairs for people to drink in.

What else could i learn?

I could attempt to find out the origin on cafes and what that really do consist of.I could try and figure out why they are so popular amongst the public.I have generated a list of questions to answer later in this post.

How could i find it out?

My main source of research would be use of the internet.
Other sources can include going to the library, and also going to a cafe and finding out this information primarily.

What am i going to produce?

I wish to produce a series of documentary images of various kinds of people doing a variety of things in the same place. A cafe.
I want the story i am trying to show to be clear as i am wanting to show the viewers the fact they a cafe isn’t just for one kind of person, nor are you obligated to do the same specific thing if you are the sit inside a cafe/coffee house.People go there for their own different reasons, each with a different kind of guest accompanying them , if any. In example, a couple, a family, a group of friends.They also buy different things and act in a different way.No matter how different all there people are from each other,i want to capture the fact they are all doing this in a cafe.My story showing a cafe is for everybody.

What photographers may influence new ideas?(Future research)


Robert Frank
Diane Arbus
Martin Parr
Robert Doisneau
Henri Cartier Bresson
Bruce Gilden
Thomas Ruff
Joel Sternfeld
Peter Marlow
Daniel Arnold
Nadav Kander

What techniques shall i use?

I have a choice between candid,scened,street and landscape photography.I think with my theme candid photography would be the best choice so that i can capture everyday people going about their life.
I also have the choice of working in digital or film,which i cannot decide between.
Working with film, not only do i love the beautiful black and white contrast it creates, but with it being in black and white, the images seem more serious, rather than being considered as ‘fun’ with the variety of colours scattered around.Nor do i with it to be considered some kind of fashion photography if there is somebody at the cafe wearing an article of clothing which stands out.


What is a cafe?

‘Cafe’ may not refer to a specific kind of shop.It can refer to a coffee house,bar,tea room,restaurant or transport cafe.Typically, i associate it with a coffee house, which is an establishment witch primarily focuses on providing customers with hot beverages and an assortment of cakes and biscuits.Although nowadays, a coffee house can serve cold beverages.By this i don’t mean things like coca cola,but things such as an ‘Iced Latte’,’Iced Tea’ and various other beverages.
A cafe in England may seem way different from a cafe in somewhere such as the Middle East due to the fact that over here in the UK, our cafes generally consist of the usual hot beverages and light snacks, whereas cafe houses in places like Turkey will offer shisha / nargile (Flavoured tobacco smoked using a hookah).
Either way no matter what kind of cafe/coffee house it is, places like these are largely considered meeting places and serve as a centre for social interaction for each and every kind of relationship.You can go there with the family, friends, partner or even soon to be partner as it is often a good place to go on a date, so you can get to know each other over a coffee.
Coffee houses are not only used to go out for a drink, but to congregate amongst one another, talk, read/write, and to simply pass time.

But why ‘ Café ‘?

How long have they been around?

An Ottoman chronicler called İbrahim Peçevi wrote this in his writings between 1642 and 1649 relating to the supposed first coffee house in Istanbul:

‘Until the year 962 [1555], in the High, God-Guarded city of Constantinople, as well as in Ottoman lands generally, coffee and coffee-houses did not exist. About that year, a fellow called Hakam from Aleppo and a wag called Shams from Damascus came to the city; they each opened a large shop in the district called Tahtakale, and began to purvey coffee.’

Alternatively, i have also found out that there was a coffee house which opened in Damascus in 1530 that influenced Cairo to begin building coffee houses.

Why do cafe houses associate  hot beverages with light snacks and cakes?

I have attempted to find a more advanced reason for this through research but my attempts have failed.So in my opinion, i think that they sell treats to go alongside your beverage as it is a great combination.The classic food & drink.If you have gone out for coffee, you are already treating yourself to a luxury in life, so why not supply the customers with another little treat?
As you could obviously tell, this would provide more money to the cafe as if they had a snack, they’d usually get thirsty or have a drink to wash it down.
So,what is tea?

The actual word for tea goes far into the chinese language, but i’ve found out it eventually translates to ‘bitter herb’.

Tea is originally from China,and likely began during the Shang Dynasty where it was provided as a medical beverage.It was introduced to Portuguese priests and merchants in China in the 16h century,Drinking tea became popular in Britain during the 17th century.

Tea is made from leaves of the plant ‘Camellia sinensis’.
Camellia sinensis is native to East,South and southeast Asia.(So basically,Asia.)
It may be interesting for you to know that fresh leaves contain about 4% caffeine.

The high-quality tea we find in markets today are high quality due to the way the tea plants have been grown.Surprisingly, to achieve a richer and stronger tea flavour in the leaves, it isn’t chemicals or fertiliser that they add to the plants, but the plant is grown at a high elevation of up to 1,500 meters as this leaves the plants growing slower and therefore acquiring more flavour.Ironically, you can compare this to when you leave a tea bag in the water for longer so that it’s stronger.

White,yellow,green,oolong,pu-erh and black tea all come from this species of plant, but to create the different kind of tea it is processed in its own way to achieve a different level of oxidation.Herbal tea refers to the making of tea without the actual tea leaves, making it an infusion of herbs and fruits such as chamomile.Although i have seen herbal teas which include green tea, to this would not be 100% true as there is some herbal teas out there created with tea leaves.

But the leaves aren’t only used for tea,they are also used in traditional Chinese medicines to treat things such as asthma.
Recent research shows that tea (mostly green tea) has various health benefits. Apparently, drinking tea has a chance to reduce the chance of getting cancer amongst a change in cholesterol levels with antibacterial properties and positive effects for weight loss.This is due to teas high levels of catechins, which is a type of antioxidant.
But don’t just assume tea is great for you and you should drink it all the time, it also has a few negative effects such as over consumption of caffeine amongst the presence of fluoride and oxalates.

So, why is it traditional for us in Britain to drink tea?

The wife of King Charles II of England,Catherine of Braganza brought the tea habit the GB around the 1660s when it tasted by Samuel pepys.But tea wasn’t widely consumed in Britain until the 18th century,which was a time where tea was expensive until later in that century.But the reason it was widely consumed in Britain whilst still being expensive, was not because we were rich, but because in the 18th century tea was being smuggled into Britain, making it cheap and affordable to the general public.It’s importance eventually influenced the Boston Tea Party.
Eventually the tax on tea had been eradicated by the government, stopping the smuggling of tea by 1785.
In Britain and Ireland, tea has became an everyday beverage and is consumed by all levels of society by the late 19th century.It was originally consumed as a luxury item for special occasions but due to the price decreasing to make way for new luxury tea ( Indian Tea ) ordinary tea had become an affordable beverage.

In our current day, in the UK it is considered one of Britain’s cultural beverages.If you have a guest in your home it is considered good manners to offer them a cup of tea upon their arrival.

What about coffee?

Coffee is made from brewing roasted or baked seeds of several species of an evergreen shrub of the genus Coffea.
‘Coffee’ derives from the Ottoman Turkish ‘Kahve’ and possibly the Italian ‘Caffe’ which in turn derives from the Arabic ‘Qahwah’ or ‘Quwwa’ meaning ‘power’ and ‘energy’.
The two most common sources of coffee beans are from the Coffea arabica and the ‘robusta’ form of Coffea canephora.
Coffee is slightly acidic as its pH is 5.0-5.1 sand it gives us a stimulating effect when we drink it due to the caffeine content.
After research, it has been found that moderate coffee consumption is only mildly beneficial to our health, but the diterpenes may increase the risk of heart disease.

Coffee cultivation began in Abyssinia,the earliest evidence of coffee drinking appeared in the 15ht century in the Sufi shrines of Yemen.In the Horn of Africa and Yemen, coffee was used in local religious ceremonies,conflicted with the beliefs of the christian and ethipian churches.

According to legend, ancestors of the Oromo people were the first to discover to energising effect of coffee.
This lead to the story of Kaldi, an Ethiopian goatherd who found his goats became highly exited after eating these beans.So this lead to these beans being used to stimulate animals.
The story of how coffee was found to be a good beverage is rather interesting.
Apparently,Sheikh Omar was once exhaled from Yemen to a desert cave near Ousab, where he began to starve.So he chewed on some berries from a nearby shrubbery but found them to be bitter, so he attempted to roast them on a fire to improve the flavour, which made them too hard, so he boiled them so that they would soften, which then lead to him creating a brown liquid substance which was fragrant.Upon drinking it he found himself revitalised and sustained for days.Which gave these seeds the title of the ‘Miracle drug’, so when he returned to Yemen, he was made a saint.This lead to it being introduced into the Arab world through Yemen.
During the spread of Coffee around the globe, the efforts of the British East India Company, coffee was made popular in England which inspired thee Queens lane coffee house in Oxford, established in 1654.

Due to research and medical testing, the only evidence that coffee gives you heath benefits is that a research was ran studying the lifespan or those who drink coffee and those who did not, proving theta those who drank coffee lived longer. This only applied through drinking healthy amounts of coffee though and not drinking too much as the death rate is high on people that drink too much coffee.However, lots more research is being done so that it can be proven that this is merely coincidence that these people live longer due to the proven facts that coffee leads to  potentially harmful effects upon consumption.
However, there few studies suggesting that coffee can help the risks of many medical conditions due to its anti-oxidants.

In 1996, drinking coffee was negatively associated with the risk of developing clinical depression.Apparently this is due to the fact coffee drastically alters your energy levels, to recreate a bipolar effect.You will be energetic for a short time and then all your levels will drop until your next coffee.
The fact that this was actually referred to as a drug aids in the comparison between coffee and drugs and the fact they are both addictive, and both act by stimulating your body for a short time before you experience what is known as a ‘come down’ which is basically a hangover, just not from alcohol(Coffee may not do this so drastically, but it still happens subtly).This is the after effects of drug use,which usually leaves people wanting to sleep and cry.Is it any coincidence that this is also symptoms of depression?

Conclusion to my research:

I’ve found that researching into tea and coffee has helped my work a lot as now i have found a difference between the people which drink tea and the people which drink coffee.
The people who drink coffee will be more active people, drinking coffee for the stimulant side that the caffeine provides and will either not be aware or not bothered of the heath issues coffee could do to their bodies,whereas the people who drink tea will be more calm and relaxed due to the relaxing ingredients in tea and will also be more aware of their health and in control of their bodies due to the many benefits on your health of drinking tea.
This means that when i am in a coffee house i can compare the variety of people and their drinks and hopefully translate the visible differences between the two and how they both live companied to one another.
For example, if everybody in my images of a cafe are drinking coffee, this shows that the tea drinkers are probably relaxing in the comfort of their own home instead of in a loud noisy coffee shop.

There’s many articles online which also argue this point, such as

Personally, i love the facts this person has provided,i’m not saying i am biased to tea, but it sure is making me.

I was set a task to go out to various cafe’s within a certain time limit, to go and gather images of a specific list of themes.

The kinds of images i needed to produce were as follows:
-A pair               ( I.E 2 cups )
-Opposites        (  Tea/ Coffee )
-Cliche              (  Male author on mac in coffee shop)
-Humor             (  Somebody telling joke/Being a joke )
-Shocking         (  Prices )
-Empathy          (  Spilling hot drink )
-Incongruent     (  Coffee inside tea cup )

Here are my results:


Cliche 1

I consider these images a cliche as stereotypically we expect to find teenagers in coffee houses, and we usually do!

Cliche 2_

The fact that In most of these images they have their mobile phones out just adds to the cliche.The idea of a teenager with a coffee and texting on their phone is a thing we see so often, that we expect to see it in the future. This turns it into a cliche.A stereotypical idea we have of teenage students.

Cliche 3

The three images above were taken on the Roundhouse campus and all of these were taken using a Nikon D700

Whereas the following images were taken in Starbucks and Greggs located in Pride Park ,Derby.

Unfortunately a member of staff at Starbucks located at the stadium in Pride Park was very aggressive when I had asked for permission to take images of objects inside the  café.

I was not impressed with the way they had dealt with the situation as the woman who was speaking on behalf of the manager had decided to take attitude for no reason. but I respected their demands and left.Luckily for me that’s when I came across Greggs as it was just around the corner and the staff there were very polite and allowed me to take images inside. Most images I took were from outside, but it’s nice  to know I have permission.


Cliche 5



Cliche 4



Humor 1Empathy/Shocking/Incongruent

Humor 2Humor

Incongruent 1Incongruent

Incongruent 2Incongruent

Opposites 1_Opposites

Pair 1Pair

Pair 2Pair

Shocking 1Shocking

Shocking 2Shocking

Natalia Klenova is a freelance photographer from Russia.
She has lived in Russia,England,America,and Belgium, so she knows what it’s like in various areas of the world.
She tends to focus on stock photography and her work appears all over the world in newspapers, magazines, on websites and in tv advertisements.

She works with a Canon 5D Mark 2 with L-Series lenses and studio light.

Natalia has some lovely retro styled images of coffee products.
They are in a range of colour styles such as sepia, and black and white.

Screen Shot 2014-11-10 at 15.11.33

I love this image of hers. I do believe that when working with things such as coffee beans, a low-key image gives the best results.
The use of the earthy colours works amazingly.She has used plenty of dark browns,blacks and light brown/beiges. These colours compliment each other extraordinarily.
You can tell this image was taken using old coffee products as our present day coffee houses use large, professional,industrial machines to grind their coffee and not a wooden/metal,conveniently sized for households machine.

The aim of light is directed to the wall at the left of the image, but sure enough that warm light bounces around and spreads that warm glow to the rest of the image.
This warm light makes you feel as if the coffee beans are freshly roasted and still warm.

This image feels very vintage, and if I could create an image with the same visual atmosphere, I would.

The definition of cafe culture is
‘A lifestyle characterised by regular socialising in pavement cases, typically that associated with European countries such as France or Italy.’

With this in mind i feared my photographic ideas were limited.
However, with some simple image research i found plenty of images of full and empty cafes, along with a variety of cafe products such as coffee beans and muffins.Even the machines used in the cafes.

Below are some ideas for creating cafe culture themed images.


On location:
I could contact a local cafe, preferably one that isn’t well known, and offer to go visit and create some images advertising their business. This way, i will have access to  using a cafe as a location, alongside having my advertising styled images , actually being used for advertisement.
This will also give me working experience to add to the list.

The images i could create are things such as a male and a female taking a coffee date. I could generate ideas to make the scene seem as romantic as possible, to give the audience the idea that this cafe is the perfect place for a lovely date.The audience will then consider this place for if they go for a date and they wish for it to go well.

I could also gather a bunch of smart, clean, yet fun friends around a table with their own coffee each.These friend could be laughing, having fun, having a great day out.The environment could be bright and colourful, playful yet serious.Then the audience will del this place is a sophisticated yet exiting place to hang out with friends.

In a studio:
I don’t think i would have to contact any cafes, not unless they are interested in using my images,as i can make the images seem as if they are advertising a product.
I do this by simply placing focus onto the subject.If it’s obvious to the audience, they will not overlook the product being advertised.
I could have images such as a model drinking from a coffee cup.If i have an advertiser, i could have their logo on the cup. If i use a low key light and dark background i could perhaps capture the hot steam from the coffee, and it will seem cosy,warm, and enticing.

But i won’t have to always use a model.I could always gather items such as coffee, coffee beans and baked goods such as muffins and create a ‘fresh out of the oven’ feel on the images by placing a piping hot coffee beside a tray of muffins or biscuits, so that the image is very enticing to the audience and they find themselves thinking it looks delicious and they are craving one as there’s nothing better than freshly baked goods and a hot coffee, as old and stale baked goods and cold coffee just isn’t good enough.
I will us slow key lighting for this also so it seems cosy and warm but also give it more of a welcoming feel rather than a bright white which seems to stand out way too much.


For documentary i was thinking of documenting the process of creating a coffee.Get some images of people making coffee.Perhaps relating to my previous idea of averting for a cafe, i could take those images then. So that they are taken in a real cafe.
I will also get images at home, so that they can be seen side by side. This way you can examine the difference of coffee from home and coffee from a cafe and how different they really are.

Large expensive machine vs. cheap old kettle.
Art piece:

For the art piece i was thinking of using the same kind of idea as my advertising in a studio and creating a scene using baked goods and coffee thats enticing and welcoming. But of course i will keep it plain and not use and names, brands or logos.
I could also walk around and maybe get some nice black and white images of cafe chairs/table outdoors.

It may also be a good idea to take some macro shots of coffee beans and get all the detail held within.I’d really love to try an image of falling coffee beans bouncing off a black surface such as a black slate.

For a photogram i was thinking of doing some arts and crafts and making some small/medium/large card silhouettes of things such as coffee cups and coffee beans amongst various other things associated with coffee, that way when it comes to working in the dark room i can assemble my own scene or art piece using my little card creations and hopefully design something amazing.
I will also use tissue and various other things to toggle with the opacity and visual texture of my photograms so that i can create something unusual and different.
Once i have created a variety of photograms, i will then select a few and head back into the dark room and turn these from negatives to positives! This way i will have black coffee beans and black mugs, it may appear better than before.

What i have narrowed it down to is shown below.
I have multiple images below, 2 for past , 2 for present, and 4 for future.I only need one of each and the decision was hard for me, so i seemed the advice and feedback of other studying photographers to help me make my decision.


old world war

This image got a vote of 1/4.
Meaning that this image is not the best out of my selection for that selected audience.
Personally, i enjoy this picture as it’s realistic unlike the other past image.

Past Derby This image was chosen for my final piece.

This image received a vote of 3/4 proving that it is preferred amongst my audience to be chosen as my past piece.
This image has had a lot of technical work applied to it, along with a fair chunk of my time and effort.



This image was selected by 2/4 people.
Meaning this image had a 50/50 chance of appealing to the public.
For me, this image is more about the narrative i have wrote about it in a previous blog post, rather than appearance.

Punk vintage thingyThis image was chosen for my final piece.

This image got the other 2/4 votes.
I think i may choose this image as the purpose is to visually appeal to the eye in a poster format.
The image is more visually important rather than narratively.


galaxy copy

This image received 1/4 votes.
I admit that this image was infact a simple image, which is why i don’t think it should be chosen for my final piece, no matter how appealing it looks


This image got 0/4 votes, i’m guessing due to it’s plain background.It’s not very enticing.


This one also got 0/4, probably as it’s way too extreme, even for the future! it is rather unrealistic, so i can understand how it’s not the best image to show the public.

other oneThis image has been chosen for my final piece.

This image got a 3/4 as it’s perfectly in the middle of plain and extreme.
It’s the same image as the last two but using a different sky. A sky that is a lovely deep blue, dramatic image.


Here i am going to start with what i consider my least favourite,this is due to me rushing this image so that i have one more edited image for my coursework.
This image was taken using a Nikon D7100 on the construction site of the new Joseph Wright building in Derby.
I know i can do a lot better when it comes to editing on photoshop, but i am still merely a beginner and i will advance over time.
For this image,i was considering it to be an image of the ‘Future’ .But not the future that everybody immediately thinks of with hover cars and human-impersonating robots.This is what i think is the reality of our future.The more and more we develop and create, the more factories are used and the more those factories produce smoke.
This image was created to speak for global warming, where everything to do with it involves smoke and pipes and factories.
If i had more time and experience to work on this image, i reckon i could transfer it into a very dramatic,narrative image and perhaps show the public the truth of our future.
I did this in photoshop by simply creating a new layer with an image of a factory and using the lasso tool to cut out the section of the image i didn’t require.I then copied the image and pasted it along the pipe of the background image, making sure to scale each one differently so that it appears to get smaller the further away it is, like it should be.
I also used the blur tool to blur each section to fit in with the background, the one part i didn’t blur was the factory  that was in the one section of the focused pipe.


Now this image is our present day.
Right now we are building into the future.
We are designing, developing, and creating new pieces of architecture for the future generations to benefit from.

This image is quite i simple one i must admit.The only photo manipulations i have done are by using curved to give it more contrast, and using the lasso tool to remove the original sky and replace it with a more colourful, dramatic sky so that the image is more enticing and cheerful. The previous sky was very plain and boring.


Now we’re getting a little more interesting.
This is another image of the present, with a half-cnstructed building.
Recently i have noticed a lot more construction has been going on in Derby, whether it be roads or buildings, Derby is upgrading.
Presently, we are being pulled from the past into the future.These images show our transition between the two.
For this image i have burned the left hand side as it was too bright.I have also altered the histogram and used curves to darken the entire image.
I then used the lasso tool to cut out the sky and i used the magic wand to remove the sections of sky from those hard-to-reach places.It gave me a neater and closer line, so that there wasn’t any white lines around the building.
I then made a new layer containing my new sky and altered the order of my layer so my sky is in the background.
So this present image is different from the last not only through separate buildings, but through the appearance and the fact that this image is a dark, stormy style,whereas the previous image is bright, bold, colourful and happy.

old world war

This is my image of the cathedral in Derby using a Nikon D7100.
The sky and plane are taken from google images.

Of course i am using this as a past image,
it is a simple image of a cathedral in Derby city centre which i have manipulated in photoshop.
I have yet again used to lasso tool to erase its original sky and replace it with another darker, more dramatic , cloudy sky.
Once i had done this it appeared as if it was taken during the war with all the smoke in the sky, so i decided i should make it somewhat obvious what my idea was.I did this by getting an image of an old bomber plane and cutting it out in photoshop. I then dragged it into a new layer and placed it in the sky.
To apply the finishing touches and make it obviously during the times of war, i transformed it into black and white.
We had many wars in the past, and it made a large impact on our present, and future.
Everyone knows that our history consists of wars, so this is obviously past.

Open-Door copy
Both of these images were taken from the web on google images as i didn’t have any utopian styled images.

Now i can’t decide if this is past,present,or future.As is has factors of all three.
The clean,empty, reflective white interior suggests the future.
The unpolluted, lively green scenery suggests a time far in the past before man kind began building large cities.
But it would also be present due to the fact both of these images were taken in our present day, both of these images, even when combined, can be found somewhere in the world.Obviously not together, but they can be.

For this image i took a lovely image of a pair of clean, hygienic double doors which are open and used the lasso tool to cut out what what actually behind the doors so that i could replace it with a layer which consisted of a lovely utopian scene.

galaxy copy
fcourse, the galaxy inside the doorway was taken from the web but the outer image was my own, much like the other image this was also taken on the construction site of the new Joseph Wright building.

This is of course the future, and what we wish to be able to achieve in our future.
We want to progress in the idea of teleportation and time travel.We all know it is impossible, be it doesn’t stop us from wanting it to be real.
It may be thousands of years before we come across evidence that this is possible, but we may some day achieve what is being shown in this image.
As you can tell, i have recently been using the lasso tool a lot to replace things like skies, which is what I’ve done in this image, alongside adjusting the background image to be black and white.Doing so had drawn more focus to the doorway and the galaxy behind it.
Now this couldn’t just be a galaxy, this could be a teleportation device.This could be a time travel machine.Or this could simply just be a piece of art being stored in the closet.We will never know until our future comes, but this is one way of thinking about what’s to come.


I also altered one of my previous images a couple of times to see how it would appear.
Here are my results.                   Original

other one ihgcwcihgcwc
 The image on the left and the right have skies that were taken from google images.

The only reason i had altered the sky is because i found my original image to be simply not enough. it had a large almost white sky, and a lot of it!There was no detail whatsoever.

On the left i have gone for a dramatic yet realistic deep blue sky.Where as on the right i’ve gone for a completely wacky glowing planet.